Duplicate content (“double content”, “DC” for short) is content that is identical on several pages on the Internet. These are not just copied texts, but above all completely identical individual pages. A distinction is made between internal and external duplicate content: Internal means that the same content is on one domain – for example, on HolisticSeo.Digital. External means that the content occurs in several domains.
Duplicate content causes problems for search engines like Google. Therefore, the content of the affected page is found there less well or even filtered out. In order for a website to have no ranking problems due to duplicate content, each indexed page must have enough “unique content”. “Unique content” is content that was only created for one page and only appears on this page.
If an identical or very similar text is used several times on the same website or on different websites, this text is double content (Duplicate Content). Search engines rely on positive user experience and therefore also on unique content, which is why the same or similar content is only indexed once. If the search engine recognizes the content of a page as duplicate content and as an attempt to deceive, the page is devalued or removed from the index.
Some of the On-Page SEO and User Experience Related Guidelines are below in the context of Duplicate Content:
- Heading Tag Optimization
- Image Alt Tag Optimization
- Anchor Text Optimization
- What is the Thing Content
- What is the Bounce Rate?
- What is the Above the Fold Section?
Why is duplicate content a problem?
Duplicate content is a big issue for Google. For one thing, it is difficult to find out algorithmically which side of a domain is most suitable for a search query. In addition, Google wants to save crawling resources and not crawl 100 versions of the same page because that’s really a huge amount of money wasted on hardware performance by Google standards. The basics on the subject are available directly from Google: “Duplicated content”.
Google tries hard to index and show pages with distinct information. This filtering means, for instance, that if your site has a “regular” and “printer” version of each article, and neither of these is blocked with a noindex meta tag, we’ll choose one of them to list. In the rare cases in which Google perceives that duplicate content may be shown with intent to manipulate our rankings and deceive our users, we’ll also make appropriate adjustments in the indexing and ranking of the sites involved. As a result, the ranking of the site may suffer, or the site might be removed entirely from the Google index, in which case it will no longer appear in search results.Google Webmaster Quality Guideline, Avoid Duplicate Content Section
Also, content without any unique information with lots of gibberish sentences can cause duplicate content penalties even if the content is not identical to others. Usually, Google creates content clusters with the same or very similar content versions to choose one of these contents as representative. Representative content is the content that represents all of the content clusters as the canonical one. The canonical content is usually being chosen from the most authoritative domain or from the best useful information owner web page from the specific knowledge domain. Also, when the content cluster gets bigger with the future duplicate and web pages with non-unique value, the representative content and the URL which owns it gets more authority. This is called as Link Inversion, most of the traditional SEOs don’t know. Also, this is a topic for content hijacking which is a blackhat technique. To learn more about Link Inversion you may read our Guidelines.
Note: Holistic SEOs may know blackhat techniques since they are also experts in Search Engine Theories but a Holistic SEO can use those information only for protecting his/her clients, not for manipulating the Search Engines Algorithms. Manipulation and Blackhat will only cause time wasting along with non-ethical situations.
Content Clusters and Representative Content Terms are taken from directly Google’s Patents. Rewarding unique information with unique content is also an encouragement for creating more unique content. This way, average SERP quality is increasing while the duplicated non-quality web pages are being cleaned from the SERP.
When is duplicate content a problem?
If a web site has multiple web pages with the same content, this will create a keyword cannibalization problem. Google or other Search Engines want to see only one page for a specific query group so that they can show the unique web page for this topic in their index to the searcher. Unless they will try to choose one of them as a canonical URL on this process, crawl quota for the specific web site will be consumed. Also, even if there is a canonical tag on those pages since the canonical tag is only a hint for the Googlebot, Google will try to choose the canonical version by itself. In this process, this will cost an extra cost for the Search Engines since they will try to calculate which page is more relevant for the specific targeted query group.
If a website has more duplicate content than the unique content, it can be called a duplicate content problem easily. Also, wrong pagination, canonical tag usage, excessive boilerplate content can cause the internal duplicate content situation.
What is the Repetitive Content? What is the Difference Between Repetitive and Duplicate Content?
The biggest difference between duplicate content and Repetitive content is that repetitive content was not created to create a copy state. Generally, the footer can be called as content repetitive in the site-wide form in header fields. The logo and motto of a company can be found in more than one medium at the same time. The citation from one source can also be found in more than one source. Such content repeats are called repetitive instead of duplicate. Repetitive Content does not create Duplicate Content problems as long as it is innocent.
At the same time, the introduction section of an article is also an excerpt in the same category as the top category, another repetitive, ie harmless duplicate content example.
What are typical examples of duplicate content?
Duplicate content has many faces. A few of the classics are these:
- Websites that use https: // example.com, http: // example.com, http: // www. example.com and https: // www. example.com can be reached (and not forwarded)
- Uppercase and lowercase URLs such as example.com/example and example.com/eXample
- Own URLs for print versions
- Additional PDFs with product information such as technical details, which should (also) be given on the product landing page
- Numerous product detail pages for specific sizes, colors, and shapes
- Affiliate URL parameters such as? Partnerid=2858
- Parameter URLs for sorting and displaying product overviews
- /index.htm, / en / and similar things that content management systems produce
- Automatically generated tag pages
- And in a way, also pagination pages
The list can probably go on forever. And there is something like that on every domain – guaranteed.
How can you find duplicate content?
The easiest way to find duplicate content on your site is to google text blocks. Just put the text module in quotation marks and off you go:
You can also use search operators such as “site:newssiteexample.com ‘news'”. This will show every web page which include the ‘news’ string on it. You can also see which pages are more relevant for this query in a entire domain:
In order to really find the duplicate content, you must then click on this link to display the filtered duplicate pages:
You may also use “intitle or inurl” search operators:
This time, we have 387 duplicate content for this type of query:
The examples from above are just general applications. To find more close and useful examples, you should use intitle, inurl, inanchor search operators in an efficient way. Since it would be a bit cumbersome to search for all text modules, there are also helpful tools. Google’s new Search Console has an “Index Coverage” report. To do this, click on the “Excluded” in the diagram:
Then you can also see some types below, where Google itself tells you that they have classified a page as a duplicate of another URL:
Clicking on the URL concerned opens a menu in which you can jump directly to the URL check tool. There you can even see which is the double URL.
You may also use Oncrawl, Serpstat, Ryte, Ahrefs, SemRush, and other 3rd party tools for finding duplicate contents. But I recommend you to find your own duplicate content by own.
You can also use Python’s Advertools Library or Python’s URLLib Library along with custom Scrapy Scripts to find duplicate content in a befitting way to a Holistic SEO.
How can you avoid duplicate content?
There are various solutions to avoid duplicate content. The most basic: Don’t let Duplicate Content arise in the first place. It starts with clean crawl control. This means that you should not create duplicate content and also you shouldn’t link duplicate content so that search engines don’t have to deal with it.
If the double page is already there, then you should ideally forward it directly to the desired original URL via 301 redirects. Then your side stays slim and healthy.
Now there is also duplicate content that is useful for your visitors. For example, URLs with sorting, affiliate URLs, or product variants. You can keep these pages, but they must refer to the original URL via the canonical link. In an affiliate URL, you may use a canonical tag like below:
<link rel = “canonical” href = “https://www.holisticseo.digital/original-content” />
This link in the <head> of your page, which is not visible to users, tells search engines which page should appear in the search results. Search engines then understand the double URL and the original URL as content and can handle it.
If you have duplicate content that should not appear in any version in the index – such as very similar distribution pages that are only used for navigation – then you should set this to “noindex, follow” using the robots meta tag to exclude them from search engines. It is even better if you question the entire existence of these pages.
If you have duplicate content, both of which should be searchable, then only one thing helps: You have to individualize this content. Even if all of your services are identical, regardless of whether you are repairing a laptop or desktop PC, for example: If you want the services to be found separately, you have to formulate your own content for them. Of course, this also applies to product descriptions in online shops.
Special Cases of Duplicate Content
Like the Repetitive content we have talked before, there are other types of special duplicate content types and situation as told below.
Recurring text modules
Even single paragraphs that appear on several of your pages are a form of duplicate content. Google calls this “recurring text modules”:
“Minimize recurring text modules: Instead of inserting extensive copyright notices at the end of each page, you can only provide a short summary with a link to detailed information.”Google Webmaster Guidelines
This is not insignificant information. Try to put as little text as possible in Footer & Co. Shipping information and other things are also duplicate content! Google is very sensitive, especially if you put 300 words of extensive information about your great shop at the end of each individual website. There is no harm from these kinds of content for the users, but still, these types of content don’t spark the attention of the user. Also, they create relevance for the same query for every web page in a domain, this also creates a cost for the Search Engine along with confusion.
External duplicate content
If content appears on multiple domains, Google has to choose an original. As a rule, this is the page on which the Googlebot first found the content. But other signals such as links to the source are also an indication for Google.
So if you publish a press release and your page is to be found for it, you should make sure that you publish first. It is crucial that Google crawls your page first. You can accelerate this by clicking on the “URL Inspection Tool” in the Google Search Console via User Interface. After inspecting the necessary URL, you may click the request indexing button. Also, you should provide links that are pointing to your original content, using the first-index logic may not be enough for public releases since the news sites have enormous authority in a wide range of topics.
External duplicate content is not particularly problematic for the original. However, if you use content from suppliers for product descriptions, this will probably also be used by other websites. Then it is very unlikely that your page will be found. You should therefore always create your product descriptions yourself.
But if you use quotes , that’s usually not a problem. To be on the safe side, you can mark them as quotes in the source code using the “blockquote” tag:
<blockquote> This is a quote. </blockquote>
International duplicate content
If you are active in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, you probably have their own pages with correspondingly adjusted prices, telephone numbers, and shipping information. So that you don’t have any problems with duplicate content, in this case, the “hreflang” award was invented. In this way, you tell the search engine in the <head> of your page which of the pages is intended for which country and for which language. For example, this code says that Example.com has two different content versions for the same topic. One of them is targeting the audience which speaks American English in the USA and other one is targeting British English in the UK.
<link rel = "alternate" hreflang = "en-US" href = "https://www.example.com/content-in-en-uk" /> <link rel = "alternate" hreflang = "en-UK" href = "https: //www.example.com/content-in-en-us" />
For the appropriate details, it’s best to read HolisticSEO’s detailed article on hreflang .
If there is chaos despite hreflang
Even with defined hreflang application, it can happen that Google merges into similar international pages – you can see this, for example, from the fact that the page amazon.de is stored in Google’s cache for amazon.at :
Even if the cache has nothing to do with indexing, this is an indication that the pages in the index are “folded” by Google. That probably has to do with efficiency. A year ago, this led to unsightly intermingling between countries and also to ranking problems that many had to deal with. Since October 2017, Google has simply played out the corresponding URL for the appropriate country. In our view, it is (usually) not necessary to individualize the content for the different countries. This can be very useful for your visitors.
Note: Also, you should use always absolute path in hreflang attributes. Hreflang Attribute shares the PageRank and relevance, confidence scores between the alternate URLs. So, using it carefully is important. If hreflang attributes are not implemented reciprocally, it won’t be assumed as valid by Google. Both of the alternate versions have to have hreflang attributes in pointing to the alternative. To learn more about Hreflang, read our guidelines.
What is Ranking Signal Division (Melting)
If a website has a large number of similar web pages, they clash among themselves for specific queries and experience the Ranking Signal Dilution example. In this case, Google ranks both web pages in SERP, sometimes 3 web pages, by splitting PageRank and relevance, confidence scores that different web pages have for a given query. However, since Ranking Signal Strength is split, all web pages will have a lower ranking.
Especially in case of faulty site transitions, such errors are experienced in important issues such as paging and faceted-navigation, while a rapid decrease in the rankings, crawl quota is exhausted and swelling is experienced in log analysis.
In some cases, Ranking Signal Dilution is not experienced among pages targeting the same query from the same website. In some cases, even though I call this “Useful Keyword Cannibalization”, it is not actually cannibalization. This is born because of the multiple search intent in one query.
A query can have multiple search intents. If a separate commercial page is generated for the transactional intent and a separate web page for the informational intent, Google may rank both of these pages without experiencing Ranking Signal Dilution in some query types. In some cases, web pages that combine these two intentions come to the fore. The reason for this is that they become more authoritative by meeting more intents with fewer pages with the most suitable UX. Unifying the search intents of queries on one page creates more authoritative web pages and decrease the crawl cost.
However, especially in queries with a high informational aspect, such examples appear in some product queries, since large contents cannot be placed on e-commerce pages. Sometimes, in a commercial query, web entities that rank 1st by e-commerce page and 2nd by blog page may appear. This requires a high authority and historical data in the Knowledge Domain in question.
Also, there are lots of web sites that have different web pages for colors, prices, and sizes for e-commerce product sub-division (without any filter option, as default). Unifying them and creating dynamic filtering (filtering products on the same URL without creating/opening the new one) can be useful.
To learn more about Ranking Signal Dilution, you can read our Keyword Cannibalization and Crawl Budget and Crawl Efficiency articles.
SEO doesn’t have strict rules. That’s why a Holistic SEO should inspect the query, audience, search behaviors and web entities’ profiles to find best strategy for the targeted SERPs.
Last Thoughts on Duplicate Content
Duplicate content is largely an important SEO Concept between Search Engine Crawl Resources, Original Content, Disambiguation, Keyword Cannibalization, Content Clusters, Link Inversion, Relevance, Confidence Scores, and Ranking Signal Dilutions and many Search Engine Tokens and Patents.
To understand and use concepts such as Canonical Tags, 301 Redirections, Site Migrations, and Unique Information, Added Value Content, it is necessary to understand the basic concerns and nature of all Search Engines, especially Google. Therefore, as time goes on, our Duplicate Content Guideline will be significantly improved within the scope of Holistic SEO.
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